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In 2001, Indonesia had 93.8Mha of primary forest*, extending over 50% of its land area. In 2021, it lost 203kha of primary forest*, equivalent to 157Mt of CO₂ emissions.
*Much of the primary forest loss in Indonesia according to the GFW data is actually within areas that Indonesia classifies as secondary forest and thus outside forest that Indonesia classifies as primary. This is because the GFW primary forest definition is not consistent with Indonesia’s official primary forest definition and classification. GFW‘s statistics on loss of primary forests in Indonesia are therefore considerably higher than the official Indonesian statistics on deforestation in primary forests.
Explore interactive charts and maps that summarize the role forests play in climate change in Indonesia. Forest carbon statistics – including how forests store, emit and sequester (remove) carbon – can be customized, easily shared and downloaded for offline use.